Smothered mushrooms and spinach

A plate of smothered mushrooms with spinach, accompanied by white rice and buttered bread, garnished with chopped green onions and hot sauce. A skillet of the dish rests at the edge of the picture, and bottles of Creole seasoning and hot sauce sit near the plate

I’ve been working on this recipe for a month or two now, off and on. I finally got it into a final form last weekend, took photographs, wrote a formal version of the recipe. The only remaining detail on the technical side was the name, which I had in my notes as “mushroom and spinach etouffee,” but about which I had some mild concern since I’m hardly an expert in Louisiana food. So I popped onto Facebook to chat with my friend Mandi, who’s from a little town a bit north of Baton Rouge. I sent her an ingredient list, a skeletal method, and asked “do I get a slap for calling this etouffee?”

Louisiana Trinity (onion, green pepper, and mushroom), chopped and arranged in rows on a cutting board to make a multi-striped diamond of vegetables
A colander full of whole, unwashed mushrooms sits in the foreground, with the Trinity vegetables blurry in the background. The mushrooms really make me think of The Hobbit

Because I really suspected I might get a slap. The recipe’s inspired by a dish served at local restaurant Da Levee, which is called “spinach mushroom etouffee.” And I do like their dish: it’s both rich and simple, full of good flavor. I eat at Da Levee most Wednesdays during a long walk between work and a particular evening rehearsal, and I enjoy it. But with all apologies to the folks at the restaurant, it’s not a paragon of tradition: everything tastes like someone described some basic characteristics of South Louisiana cuisine to a Midwesterner and then said “I’m sure you’ll figure it out.” There are definitely some menu items that might get you run out of town in Cajun country, and I had a strong suspicion that this might be one of them.

A skillet full of chopped mushrooms, wilted and browned, sits on a wooden countertop. A blue hotpad rests on one of the skillet's loop handles

So, the verdict: first a good deal of laughing, followed by a definitive “I would never call this etouffee.” Mandi’s a good sport, so she ran through her mental recipe book trying to find a Louisiana dish this could arguably be a strange cousin of, but nothing really fit: there’s a weird hodge-podge of techniques and ingredients that just don’t go together in that cooking idiom. (Highlight: “…but then you added the spinach. I cannot with the spinach.”) Finally she threw up her hands and said “so, in sum, I have no idea what the hell you’re making.” Which puts me in a bit of a quandary, because it catches me between two ideals I hold strongly: Make Delicious Food on the one hand, but Don’t Be A Jerk With Other People’s Food on the other. (I mean, when I teach food writing, I include a whole section on Food & Otherness, where we get deep into questions of cultural appropriation and respect for other cultures’ foodways.)

A pan of smothered mushrooms and spinach, dark green vegetables jostling against rich brown mushrooms. A stainless steel spoon, half-submerged, hangs over the pan's edge.

Which is all a very long preamble to saying that, if you’re not from Louisiana, this may look like a plausible Cajun or Creole dish, but I’m here to tell you it’s not. Whereas if you’re from Louisiana this may look like a bizarre transplantation of South Louisiana ingredients and techniques into a dish where they really don’t fit — and you’re right. I’m choosing to publish the recipe anyway, because I’m terribly pleased with how it came out, despite its inauthenticity. I’m choosing to go with the designation ‘smothered’, because while that term does have a specific meaning in Louisiana (which I’m not fully aligned with), it also has a wider variety of meanings in Southern cooking generally, and I feel more comfortable there.

A closeup shot of a plate of smothered mushrooms and spinach, with rice and bread blurry in the background, and the edge of a skillet barely visible further back

Smothering (generally) involves cooking a protein or a vegetable with a variety of other seasoning vegetables in a small amount of water; it amounts to a stovetop braise that creates a vegetable gravy for whatever’s being smothered. I doubt there’s anyone in the American South who’d look at the dish and say “yep, that’s the way I smother,” but my intuition, as a displaced Southerner myself, is that most cooks would at least say “but I guess somebody might do that.” That somebody, I guess, is me. No matter where you’re from, give it a try: plump meaty mushrooms, a velvety gravy studded with chunks of flavorful vegetables, a smoky backbone from a medium-dark roux: I’m still not entirely sure what the hell I’m making, but I know I like it.

A plate of smothered mushrooms and spinach, all dressed up with hot sauce and green onions, accompanied by rice and bread. A big deep skillet of the dish sits next to the plate

Smothered mushrooms and spinach

  • Servings: 4-6
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This recipe’s a strange beast, a hodgepodge of certain Louisiana ingredients and techniques with other totally foreign ones. Somehow it all adds up to a dish that I rather enjoy, and with some rice and hot sauce it’s remarkably fortifying against the late winter slush.

Inspired by the Spinach Mushroom Etouffee at Da Levee.


2 lbs. white button and/or crimini mushrooms, rinsed and roughly chopped
2 Tbsp vegetable oil

1/3 c vegetable oil
1/3 c flour

1 med. red onion, diced
1 green bell pepper, seeded and diced
3 ribs celery, diced
6 cloves garlic, minced

3 c water
10 oz. frozen spinach (thawed if block-style)
2 bay leaves
1 Tbsp salt-free Creole seasoning (see Note)
2 tsp kosher salt (see Note)
1 doz. shakes of Louisiana-style hot sauce, or to taste

Green onions and/or parsley, to serve


In a large, deep skillet or saucepan over medium-high heat, cook the mushrooms in the 2 Tbsp vegetable oil. They will release a lot of liquid, which will then boil away as the mushrooms brown; this should take about 15 minutes total. Once you’ve boiled away all the mushroom liquid, remove the cooked mushrooms to a bowl.

Wipe out the skillet, then combine the flour and the 1/3 cup vegetable oil in it over medium-high to high heat. Stir continuously until the roux reaches a dark reddish brown, near the color of old rust. This only takes about five minutes over a fairly high flame, but you might want to go slower — see the Note on roux.

Once the roux reaches a dark reddish brown, immediately add the onion, bell pepper, celery, and garlic. Stir continuously for five minutes, until the vegetables have softened somewhat.

Add the water slowly, stirring in the roux, and bring to a boil. Add the reserved mushrooms with their juices, the spinach, and the seasonings, bring to a boil, and simmer for 30 minutes.

To serve, I like a nice scattering of chopped green onion or parsley, as well as some extra lashings of hot sauce. Serve with a good helping of rice and some buttered bread.


Roux: It’s important to do the roux right, because (1) if you scorch it you have no choice but to start over; (2) the roux can splash, and it’s sticky —I guarantee you won’t like the feeling on your skin. As I’ve noted, you can get the roux to my desired color in five minutes over a strong flame, but if you’re not accustomed to doing so it’s tricky. There’s no shame in keeping the heat lower; it’ll take longer, but that’s far better than accidentally burning the roux because you’ve just splashed a big glob of hot fat and flour onto your hand.

Creole seasoning: Around my house, I mix up my own Creole seasoning using Chuck Taggart’s recipe at Gumbo Pages (sometimes subbing in smoked paprika for part or all of the sweet paprika). If you’d prefer to use a store-bought Creole seasoning, such as Tony Chachere’s, be aware that many blends already include salt — don’t add the salt I call for unless you like things very salty indeed!


For an even richer dish, you could swap in some stock (vegetable or chicken) for the water.

A small can of diced tomatoes, and/or a couple tablespoons of tomato paste, could be a nice addition along with the water and seasonings.


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